ROLE OF MEDIA IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION: A STUDY OF OFFA AND ERIN-ILE CRISIS
1.1 Background to the Study
Crisis, conflict and insecurity have over the year a common phenomenon in the world without exclusion of the third world and developing nations which Nigeria belongs, these are caused by ethnicity, religion differences, land dispute and boundary adjustment, political interest, selfishness and other interest. Continue reading →
The study concerned with the finding out the role of Mass Media in Crisis Resolution in the Society with Ife-Modakeke Crisis as a study. Research shows that mass media play a crucial role in society especially during crisis through educative and enlightenment programmes and adequate coverage of the latest gist as regards the situation, while mass media also partner with other stakeholders in ensuring that peace return to the two sides by keeping the police and other security informed while the media also try not to overstate the situation so that people’s tension will not high unnecessarily. Therefore the study was divided into five chapters. Chapter one focuses on the background to the study, statement of the problem, research questions objective of the study, significance of study, scope of the study and it does not leave out the historical background of the case study. Chapter two however revolved on the meaning of mass media, forms of mass media, meaning of crisis, causes of crisis, effect of crisis, e. t. c. Chapter three present the methodology through which this study was been carried out. Survey research method was adopted for the purpose of the study and questionnaire was used as the main instrument of eliciting information from the respondents, 100 copies were printed and distributed while 90 copies were retrieved. Continue reading →
The research examined the influence of Smartphone usage on the Academic Performance of University Students with a case study of Babcock University, Ogun State. Smartphone especially blackberry and other Android phones have made surfing the internet among students easier and cheaper compared to the days when only assess to the internet was by going to a cyber café and later to the using of personal computer with modem etc, Survey research method was adopted coupled with 120 copies of questionnaires that were administered to 120 respondents of which 110 were retrieved. It was established that smartphone aids research and communication among respondents while so many people also abuse it. It is recommended that Students should be orientated on the need and best way to use the phone in an academic environment and what constitute abuse or negative use of phone within academic border by formulating laws to will prohibit excesses. Continue reading →
Cultism activities have turn most of the school into citadel of violence as many lives and property have lost and damaged. Realizing the havoc which cultism has wrecked on both members and non-members of the academic community, all hands must be on deck to combat the menace. It is on this notion that the research examines the role of public relations as a veritable tool for eradicating cultism in tertiary institution in Nigeria using Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife as a case study. In this research the Four Models of Grunig’s and Hunt’s PR Theories was used. The research design for the research was quantitative method with survey research method chosen. Multistage sampling was used to select respondents within OAU with 100 copies of questionnaires were administered to respondents while 90 copies were retrieved. The data collected were analysed and interpreted using simple percentage and table (Descriptive Statistics). Findings show that Public relations play its part in curbing cultism by organizing anti-cultism workshops and lectures on campus, erection of anti-cultism billboard in order to inform students of dangers of being a member. It was recommended that more punishment and sanctions should be implemented on students so as to reduce or cub the menace.
PERCEPTION OF IGBENEDION UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ON REALITY TELEVISION SHOW (A case study of Big Brother Africa)
The research is geared towards examining the perception of Igbenedion University Students on Big Brother Africa Reality Show. It is very clear that most of the reality shows like “Big Brother Africa” “Who wants to be a Millionaire” and host of others influence the action, reaction and behaviours of the viewers. The research is anchored on Cultivation Theory and Uses and Gratification Theory respectively. The research is quantitative in nature and survey research method was used. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire in eliciting data from the respondents who were Igbenedion University Students. Multistage sampling method as probability sample technique was used in selecting respondents. Descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) was also used to analyse data collected. It was recommended that television organisations should, as a matter of fact, create more decent educative and entertainment programmes (reality shows) that will continue to promote the educational values and enhance cultural norms of Nigeria society. Continue reading →
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The research x-ray the problems and prospects of private media management with a particular reference to a single private broadcast media using African Independent Television.
No doubt to say the fact that management is not a bed of rose. With this backdrop, management has some problems in managing, controlling and commanding a media outfit.
Among the problems are motivations of diligent and intelligent staff in the organization, problem of leadership, individual difference can also not be overlooked.
Funding is another identified challenge because equipment in broadcast media are very expensive and become outdated after some time when modern equipment are produced, especially now that broadcasting are moving to digital age.
Other research problem of decision making, environmental problem, psychological constraints, burn out and stress and others which arise in poor and improper management.
This study will be successful in finding out the problems and prospects of private media management with a particular reference to a single private broadcast media using African Independent Television.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
These are agitating questions toward solving the research topic. In this wise, the research questions for this study are highlighted below
- What are the problems confronting private broadcasting media in Nigeria?
- Does the influence of ownership affect the management of African Independent Television (AIT)?
- How does organizational structure affect the effective performance of private media?
- What are the main sources of revenue for the private media?
- In what ways can the private broadcast media be effectively managed?
- Does private ownership influence media contents?
There are legal and social problems that have continued to restrain the Nigerian journalists from adequate and effective news reporting. These laws are meant to dictate to journalists what they should and should not publish. Whether in a military or a civilian government, these laws are always there to serve the objectives of the powers that be, and to brow beat the press. It is on this perception that the research examines the level of awareness of the Freedom of Information Act among journalists in Osun State since it was assented by the Former President Goodluck Jonathan administration. The research is anchored on the Libertarian and Democratic Participant Theory. For the purpose of this study, survey research method was adopted while questionnaires were distributed to 120 selected respondents within Osun State Newspaper Correspondents Osogbo, to know how free is press under 1999 Constitution as amended using probability sampling technique (simple random method). The data collected were analysed using Descriptive Statistics i.e frequency and percentage method. Findings show that journalists can now perform their duties more effectively than before with the passage of the New Freedom of Information, although many journalists see no different in the way they operate especially those who are working in the government media. Continue reading →
The high quest for freedom in the name of globalisation and civilisation especially in the developed world which has promoted different sexual orientations and behaviour exhibition have now found its way to developing and underdeveloped nations like Nigeria through legislation, international diplomacy, media imperialism and cultural imperialism. Today, youth in Nigeria enjoy freedom from parents especially those in higher citadels of learning where different kinds of sexual orientations have been developed which homosexual is one of them. Homosexuality being the romantic or sexual intercourse or behaviour between members of the same sex has attracted much interest and attention as a social problem that needs to be investigated and solved. It is this notion that the research examines the awareness and perception of students towards homosexuality and its effect on social values. The research is anchored on cultivation theory and cultural imperialism theory respectively. Survey research method as the quantitative method was adopted in which 100 copies of questionnaires were administered to respondents who are students of UNIPORT of which 90 copies were retrieved. The data collected were analysed and interpreted using Descriptive Statistics. Findings show that majority of the students were aware but many said they never try or practice such and that there is no tendency that they can practice it. It is recommended that government should be conscious in legislation that can be harmful to society while media particularly television and film industries should be careful on what to showcase on their platforms to prevent corrupting the society. Continue reading →
The citizen must enjoy some freedom tagged fundamental human right which is otherwise known as birth-right. It is on this note that the research examined the influence of Nigerian Newspapers in covering Human Right Issues with a case study of the Punch and Nigerian Tribune Newspapers. This research is divided into five chapters. The research is quantitative and survey research method was adopted. Respondents were drawn from the Punch and Nigerian Tribune newspaper. From the findings, it was discovered that both newspapers cover human right issues in Nigeria, 89% of the respondents attested to this fact. It is also, recommended that mass media should be given more freedom in reporting public issues such as human right violation issue. Media houses should educate and train their reporters and editors so that they will know how to report issues relating to human rights and much more without violating laws.
The study examined newspapers readership patterns in Osun State with a careful look at the patterns and challenges facing readers, particularly in Osogbo metropolis. The research focused major newspaper stands in Osogbo particularly in Oke-Fair, Old Garage, Gbemu and Ayetoro areas respectively. The study is anchored on Agenda Setting and Individual Difference Theory. Cross-sectional survey research method is used while 120 copies of questionnaires were administered to respondents using quota sampling technique, out of which 108 copies were turned for analysis. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage method). Findings show that majority of respondents pay attention to political, security, terrorism, sports and business matters more than any other items in the newspapers. Also, the majority of the respondents do pay token between 20-100 to read as many newspapers free as possible with only a few actually buying the copy. The challenge attributed to free reading is fund to buy newspaper everyday. It is recommended that newspaper salary of workers and pay as at when due. Continue reading →
This study examined the Proliferation of Radio Stations and its Implication for media Performance using Ray Power FM 100.5 , Alagbado (private radio), Eko FM, 89.7 Ikeja (state radio) and FRCN 6090 Lagos (Federal radio) as case study. Therefore, the growth of radio stations in Nigeria have brought both negative and positive impacts on the people especially with the opportunity to listen to multiple broadcasting stations of their choice unlike in the past when government monopolized the broadcast industry, although deregulation has also made National Television Authority (NTA) and Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN)to decentralize its stations across the states of federation while private media has also multiplied. Survey research method was adopted and 150 copies of questionnaires were printed and distributed to 150 respondents selected in which 140 copies were returned. It is also evident that the growth has brought lots of improvement to the media performance in terms of effective competition, therefore, enable people to have access to the good programme and access to multiple sources of information leaving them with the opportunity to make choice of the available media. it serves the empowerment role as many graduates of communication, media and mass communication were contained through the establishment of the radio station. Many respondents strongly agreed that proliferation of radio stations in Nigeria is a blessing of which its future, especially in this digital era, is considered to be very bright. It is recommended that government to through its regulatory agency the NBC; watch closely the industry so as to ensure that operators do not deviate from the avowed national objectives of broadcasting. Continue reading →
The study examined the Effect and Impact of Graphics on the Print Media using Nigerian Tribune newspaper as a case study. However, it is obvious that photographs play a very prominent role in newspaper and the world of print media in general. It communicates messages even to the illiterates. A newspaper without the use of photograph will be noting but look like a letter or text book and such publication cannot interest readers. Also, photographs draw the attention of the reader to the most prominent news and issue especially when placed at the front page of a newspaper while placement also used to set agenda on what public will debate upon that day. In fact the headline scanners and photo scanner always find it easy to know the most important news of the day. Without messing word, photographs communication message than what a thousand words can tell. Newspaper use photographs in its daily publication because it attracted readers, it passes messages and it beautifies newspaper pages. The position of photographs in newspaper covers page draw readers’ attention. It is noted that the photographs that drawn attention are political photo, crisis photo and oddity. Newspaper industry can succeed without photography, while Full colour photography draws attention easily than others. Graphics has retained the attention of newspaper readers to a high extent, while readers find photograph interesting in newspapers when reading. Also, readers remember news accompanying with graphic than news without graphic. For the purpose of this work, critical reviews to related literature were made. Relevant theories were used to gratify the study. Quantitative research design was used in which cross-sectional survey method was adopted while the data collection instrument was questionnaire. Findings have shown that a newspaper without the use of photograph will be nothing but look like a letter or text book and such publication cannot interest readers. Also, photographs draw the attention of the reader to the most prominent news and issue especially when placed at the front page of a newspaper while placement of photo are used to set agenda on what public will debate upon. It is recommended that print media should always use only the important photo that communicates the message in which the photo represents, and not just use any photo. Continue reading →
This research revolved on the An Appraisal of Mass Media Efforts in Eradicating Maternal Death (A case study of Women in Ilesha West Local Government). It is evident from the findings of this study that mass media especially radio and television are playing a very crucial role in reducing maternal death among women by way of regular sensitization and educative programmes. It is obvious that mass media educate and sensitize women on issues like family planning and prenatal exercise. Maternal death refers to the death of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. It is also obvious from the result of the finding that almost all women get their message through radio because of it flexibility. The researcher adopted survey methodology to achieve the goals set for this study. Continue reading →
1.1 Background to the Study
Terrorism is the exercise of violence or the threat of violence against an unarmed and/or unsuspecting population to coerce it to meet the demands of the aggressor. In this context, terrorists usually have as its target a civilian population not a military force, unless the latter has had little or no reason to anticipate hostile action against it. For example, suicide bombers exploding their bombs in a crowded market place would be terrorists, but small boys throwing stones or even gasoline bombs at tanks in a riot would not be, while the tanks, themselves, could easily become instruments of state terrorism. Alade, W. F (2010)
Schmid and De Graaf, (2000) cited in Alade, W. F (2010) define terrorism as “the deliberate and systematic use or threat of violence against instrumental (human) targets in a conflict between two or more parties, whereby the immediate victims who might not even be part of the conflicting parties. Continue reading →
Several efforts and empirical research have shown that mass media most especially radio plays a significant role in educating, enlightening, sensitising and mobilising the electorate for electioneering. It is on this believe that the study examines the role of radio in mobilizing electorates for the 2015 General Elections with a particular focus on Ogbia Local Government of Balyesa. Radio is the most effective channels of political education because it offers signal to every nooks and crannies of society and it is very rich in educating, enlightening, mobilizing the electorates for political participation. Quantitative research design was used in which cross-sectional survey method was adopted while the data collection instrument was questionnaire. However, out of 100 copies of questionnaire that were administered, 90 copies were returned for analysis. The Agenda Setting theory was used to explain and linked the research with what radio does in our society by telling us what to think about via repeated news coverage. The research recommended that journalists should see their role in community especially during election as vital which they must not toy with while government should provide more freedom and security for the press to act without fair or favour. Continue reading →
The study examined newspapers readership in Osun State with a careful look at the patterns and challenges facing readers particularly in Osogbo metropolis. The research focused major newspaper stands in Osogbo particularly in Oke-Fair, Old Garage, Gbemu and Ayetoro areas respectively. The study is anchored on Agenda Setting and Individual Difference Theory. Cross sectional survey research method is used while 120 copies of questionnaires were administered to respondents using quota sampling technique, out of which 108 copies were turned for analysis. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage method). Findings show that majority of respondents pay attention to political, security, terrorism, sports and business matters more than any other items in the newspapers. Also, majority of the respondents do pay token between 20-100 to read as many newspaper free as possible with only few actually buying the copy. The challenge attributed to free reading is fund to buy newspaper everyday. It is recommended that newspaper salary of workers and pay as at when due. Continue reading →